The Americanization of Anglican Colonies.

Essay by v_valentin91High School, 11th grade October 2005

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Between the settlement at Jamestown in 1607 and the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the most important change that occurred in the colonies was the extension of British ideals far beyond the practice in England itself. Changes in religion, economics, politics and social structures illustrated this Americanization of transplanted Europeans.

By 1763, although some colonies still maintained established churches, other colonies had accomplished a virtual revolution for religious toleration and separation of church and state. As new immigrants arrived from Germany, Ireland and Scotland, along with captured enslaved individuals from Africa, and at the same time the great awakening swept across the North American Colonies, a rapid rise in the number of distinct denominations occurred, which forced the people of different beliefs to endure one another and coexist. This eventually led to the American willingness to tolerate religious diversity. Because of this variety in faiths throughout the colonies, state authorities could not hold any one religion as an established religious doctrine.

Consequently this caused a movement toward the separation of church and state so that the government could hold all its citizens as equals no matter what dogma they believed in. Therefore the Great Awakening along with the increase of the diverse cultures in the colonies were the two major reasons for the rapid religious revolution of colonial America from its mother country's original ways, alongside the development of the separation of church and state.

In similar economic transformation, the colonies outgrew their mercantile relationship with the mother country and developed an expanding capitalist system on their own. As the demands for goods and services became greater in the colonies caused by the rapidly rising population, small scale colonial manufacturing and a complex network of internal trade developed throughout the states. A lively coastal trade was developed; by...