The Ancient Greeks in 400B.C.

Essay by pimpn_mikeJunior High, 9th gradeA+, December 2002

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The Ancient Greeks, who existed from around 400 BCE until the year 0, had many contributions to our society today. They affected our forms of government, our sciences and mathematics, and our philosophy. The Ancient Greeks have played a large role on our society.

The Ancient Greeks have provided us with a democratic government. A democratic government favors the many instead of the few. (Doc. 3) Like the Ancient Greek's form of democracy, everyone is able to advance in their social standing. Similar to the Ancient Greeks, our citizens have an equal opportunity to serve the public. However, the most distinguished of them are asked to make out political decisions. As in both forms of democracy, a man's position on the social scale does not exclude him from serving his country.

Our Western Civilization has continued the use of the Hippocratic Oath, which was created by Hippocrates. Part of this oath stated: "I will follow that [treatment' which, according to my ability and judgment, I will consider for the benefit of my patients, and abstain for whatever is [harmful].

I will give no deadly medicine to anyone if asked, nor suggested any such [advice]..." (Doc. 4). This oath is still used by doctors today. Some of our math is taken from the mathematician, Euclid. In his book, Elements, written in about 300 B.C., Proposition 15, states: "THEOREM: If two straight lines cut one another, the vertical, or opposite, angles shall be equal." (Doc. 5)

Today's society has somewhat adopted the words of Ancient Greek philosophers. One of these philosophers is Socrates. He once said, "The unexamined life is not worth living." (Doc. 1) Teachers and students of philosophy take his words to thought when they question their own life. Another Greek philosopher, Aristotle, said, "Since human reason is...