How and why did Bolsheviks seize power in Russia in 1917?

Essay by matsza97High School, 12th grade December 2005

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The Bolsheviks were a fraction of the Russian Social Democratic Labour Party. Their leader was Vladimir Lenin. In October 1917 he lead Bolsheviks to a triumph in the Russian Revolution. From now on Russia became a single party state, which later became the Soviet Union. In this Essay the author would like to present an account of the events in which Bolsheviks took power in Russia and consider facts that made it possible.

The first signs of dissatisfaction among Russian society were seeable in the 1905. The main event was the "Bloody Sunday" - the army dispersed people who were carrying a petition to the Tsar Nicholas II. Many of them were killed. This caused bigger discontent of society and seriously decreased the Tsar's prestige. Petersburg was paralyzed by many strikes. The Tsar however managed to survive this situation because the army supported him.

Now the author would like to present the main contributory factors of the February Revolution without which the October Revolution wouldn't be able to take place.

First very important cause were the peasants. Mainly they were very poor people often suffering from the hunger. Many of them were landless because there was not enough land for everyone. It can seem impossible, however despite Russia is a huge country, much of its land is impossible to cultivate because of the climate. Other important factor was the weakness of the Tsar. He was indecisive and opposed all reforms, which were threat to autocracy.

The effect of the February Revolution was the abdication of the Tsar. The Provisional Government was created. This fact was joyfully accepted throughout the country. The equality before the law; freedom of religion, speech, assembly; the right of unions were established. The Prime Minister - Alexander Kerensky who was very patriotic, believed that...