Essay by philip_iykeUniversity, Bachelor'sA, July 2010

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This article on cataloging discusses the current and projected future status of the MARC record, with reference to standards, current developments in record formats, and the impact of FRBR on the bibliographic community. A Catalogue is a list of documents, arranged according to some definite plan, which records and describes the resources of a collection. A Union catalogue is a catalogue of the holdings, partial or complete, in a number of document collections, which provides the location of the items held. When in printed form, such a catalogue may also be known as a union list.


Current and projected future status of the MARC record

Although the Machine-Readable Cataloging (MARC) standard is often underestimated or disregarded in the library community, the MARC standard does provide a lot of robustness and flexibility for data mapping. The Machine-Readable Cataloging (MARC) standards are made up of the MARC formats, which are standards for communicating and representing bibliographic and other related information in machine-readable form.

The Machine-Readable Cataloging also defines a bibliographic format for data which was developed at the Library of Congress in the 1960s by Henriette Avram. MARC provides the protocol through which there can be exchange and interpretation of bibliographic information by various computers. A lot of library catalogs in use today have their foundation in the data elements in MARC are the foundation of most.

The current record structure of MARC is an implementation of ISO 2709, also known as ANSI/NISO Z39.2. "MARC records are composed of three elements: the record structure, the content designation, and the data content of the record. The record structure implements national and international standards (e.g., Z39.2, ISO2709). The content designation is "the codes and conventions established to identify explicitly and characterize data elements within a record and support...