The Cold War and the Decolonization Process

Essay by uNme4lyfeCollege, UndergraduateA-, February 2009

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The Cold War was not an ordinary war; it was a war of words not violence. During a speech that Winston Churchill gave he stated that "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent (of Europe)." In some aspect the words spoken were the creation of the Cold War. The term Cold War described the war as increasing tensions between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) and the United States and its allies (Pike, 2000).

The Cold War affected Western Society in many ways. Firstly both sides the United States and USSR had mass quantities of nuclear weapons (CTU Online, 2008). This was a bad thing because if there was the slightest conflict there could possibly be a massive retaliation on either part (Pike, 2000). In 1949, the North Atlantic Treaty was approved by the United States. Those who signed the treaty desired to live in peace with all people and all governments (Bulliet, 2008).

Also in 1949, President Truman made a proposal that Congress approved, to use $400 million for developing technical programs in Latin America, Asia and Africa (Pike, 2000).

The conflict that the United States and the USSR had with each other would soon make its way into space. In 1957, the launch of a satellite called Sputnik 1 started the space age. Sputnik 1 was launched by the Soviet Union; it was the first to orbit the earth. Project Vanguard was initiated by the United States in 1955. Project Vanguard was a program which intended to launch the first artificial satellite in the Earth's orbit by using a Vanguard rocket as the launch vehicle. In 1957, the first Vanguard rocket that was fully operational was launched, but it didn't go far. Soon after is...