Comminism in eastern europe

Essay by margheritaHigh School, 10th grade March 2004

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The 8th of May 1945 is an important date.

Not only that is the day when the Second World War ended, but also it is the day in which Europe was divided in two zones.

What determined this division was the communist doctrine.

The US and the USSR were the two big nations, which 'saved' the world from the catastrophe of Nazism; also, they were the only countries, which were still 'active' after the world ended. This is why the two of them were elected as 'patrons' of the new Europe.

Britain was as well the winner of the war, being in alliance with both America and Russia, however its loyalty to the US led to its subordination.

Soon after the end of the 'total war' then, Europe was split into 2 areas: the western zone was under American control; the eastern zone was under Russian control, and thus, under communism.

The 'meeting point' was Germany; at first, it was divided in 4 zones (a British one, an American one, a French one and a Russian one), then, only 2 main areas were distinguishable: the American zone and the Russian zone.

Therefore, the impact of communism was much greater in Eastern Europe than in Western Europe.

Encouraged by Moscow, the governments of Eastern Europe countries nationalised industry, established collective farms, controlled the media, arrested leading opponents, and rigged elections.

By 1948, almost all these communist states took explicit orders from Moscow, Yugoslavia being the main exception.

Stalin's intention was primarily to have friendly states near Russia borders.

Since, all these nations acted against Russia in the past supporting or being under Germany control, now the communist leader wanted to make sure not to have any more threats.

Although the reality was the Stalin feared a German reunification, the West interpreted...