What is Communication?

Essay by angel0242College, UndergraduateA-, November 2008

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•Explain communication as a process and as a transaction.

Communication is the way in which we express feelings, ideas and share information. This activity begins from birth. A new born baby communicates with his mother ― when baby cries this sends a message to his mother, either that baby is hungry or sleepy. Communication develops as we get older. A child at age seven wouldn't cry to show she is hungry but rather cry when she falls off her bike while playing to express pain. To express hunger, she may simply state to her mother that she is hungry. This method of communication is called speaking. Other types include reading, writing and listening.

Hybels and Weaver (2007) define communication as "any process in which people share information, ideas and feelings. It involves not only the spoken and written word but also the body language, personal mannerisms and style - anything that adds meaning to the message.

Since communication is a process this implies that it is continuous. It is a continuous action as long as the participants prolong the exchange. Communication consists of various elements which include sender-receivers, messages, feedback, channels, noise and setting. These elements wield the outcome of communication, stated differently; these elements influence the results of the communication process.

The process of communication begins with conceiving a message. The sender is one who wants to transfer a message. If one has something to share - feelings, ideas or information - one forms whatsoever he/she wants to communicate.

The second step is encoding the message. This involves structuring the message in such a way that the receiver understands. Language, tones and gestures are part of encoding the message. This severity of those factors would depend on the situation. For example a manager conceives that he wants to address...