The Development of Canada's North

Essay by junior86University, Bachelor'sA-, November 2006

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Canada's far north has always been one of the nation's poorest and troubled regions. Isolated, underdeveloped and often neglected by the rest of the world, the region, inhabited largely by aboriginal peoples, is troubled by widespread unemployment and substance abuse. With little do to and employment very scarce it is easy to see how these systemic social problems can arise. However a new day appears to be dawning for the peoples of the north as multinational mining companies are converging on the area setting to develop the regions fledgling diamond industry and turn Canada's north into one of the worlds leading diamond producers. This new era offers northern peoples much greater employment opportunities as well as hope for the social and economic future of the region. Mining and spin off industries such as polishing and cutting have already given Northern communities, such as Yellowknife a much needed boost to local economies.

As multinational diamond firms converge to develop mines and related businesses, towns like Yellowknife are poised to usher in a new era of prosperity, growth and development for the peoples of the North.

While hope for the future is quite high the industry is clearly in its early stages. The Diamonds were discovered just over ten years ago in 1991 at Point Lake, some 300 kilometers northeast of Yellowknife . The surrounding region of Point Lake now contains two diamond mines, the Ekati and Diavik mines, which are under operation as well as two more scheduled to be underway by 2006 . While the industry may be young it is growing extremely fast to the point that Canada is already one of the globes top three diamond producers and according to statistics Canada, 2.8 billion dollars worth of the precious stones were mined from 1998-2002 . Even in this...