How did Alexander win the loyalty of those he conquered and was this important to him?

Essay by DooDaHigh School, 12th grade February 2004

download word file, 4 pages 3.7

Downloaded 40 times

Alexander the Great was undoubtedly one of the greatest leaders of all time. A man whose conquests were unimaginable at the time and unmatchable to this day. By taking his army from the insignificant country of Macedon to huge campaigns across half a continent, Alexander proved that his skills as a leader far surpassed any other of the day. Certainly he had a solid foundation to work from, laid down by his father Phillip II, but crafting the Macedonian army into the fearsome force of the ancient world was no small accomplishment. He led his troops by example, getting the greatest amount of zeal and effort from them and rallying them in the face of defeat. Alexander was "...more bent upon action and glory than...upon pleasure or riches." (Plutarch) and thus he was always seeking to build something that would last. This meant that the loyalty of those that he conquered was very important to him, without that, the empire he sought to build would crumble.

He obtained this loyalty in several ways, including force and subtle manipulation, and from several different peoples, ranging form the Greek poleis to cities in Asia Minor.

Alexander was born circa 20th of July, 356 BC. Phillip II, his father the king of Macedon and ruler of Greece, was murdered in the year of 336 BC, and Alexander immediately attempted to secure the throne. He was "...but 20 years old when his father was murdered" (Plutarch) and 'took the reins' of a kingdom "...beset on all sides with great dangers and rancorous enemies."(Plutarch) The poleis of Greece were tired of their subjugation under the 'barbaric' rulers from the north and talked of rebellion. From his first day as sovereign, Alexander had to deal with this problem. When asked how he would control and win...