Discuss the philosophy of materialism. Explain its basic claims. Give the names of some who hold this position and point out some of the problems with materialism.

Essay by peachmouseUniversity, Bachelor'sA+, December 2004

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Materialism is space and what takes up within it. The belief that which can be explained and perceived consists of a foundation relating only to the physical world. Matter reduced to the sole medium of the known reality. Thought, feelings, and will being derivations of configured elements. Considered terse by idealists; found lacking in the explanation of reality.

Today, various schools are popular amongst materialists: extreme and hylozoism, classical and the enlightenment age, scientific and the 'new age' materialism.

Monism asserting everything mindful is relative to a physical release or by- product. Everything alive is holding an almost animalistic nature.

'Atomists' bringing forth the new school with the explanation that tiny indivisible particles, with variations in size and shape, combine to form matter.

Soon after becoming free from the oppressive church, materialists furthered the relationship of matter and senses: "I think, therefore I am". Presently, stemming from the past couple of centuries, materialism splintered off into a couple different groups each trying to explain Rene's dualism; yet through a more resolute scientific approach.

Today's advances, from quantum physics with subatomic research and artificial intelligence, have brought new insight into consciousness.

Materialism has a long history. It starts with the ancient Greeks Leucippus, Democritus, and Epicurus. It had been furthered by Descartes, Hobbes, and Locke of the 17th century. Darwin, Marx and Lenin purified it and with infamy from Ryle, up to today's new 'scientist philosophers' of Chalmer and Hameroff.

If all known reality reduces to physical matter, explained precise and inflexible with no other significance, wouldn't most people be left wanting?

The senses getting input configures particles within the brain creating thought and feelings. It is all explained through mathematical variations - explains why most scientists are interchangeable with philosophers. Needing more from just Idealism, the masses hunger for...