Employee Benefits Required by Law.

Essay by ajmisfitangelHigh School, 12th gradeA+, October 2005

download word file, 13 pages 3.0

The legally required employee benefits constitute nearly a quarter of the benefits package that employers provide.

These benefits include employer contributions to Social Security, unemployment

insurance, and workers' compensation insurance. Altogether such benefits

represent about twenty-one and half percent of payroll costs.

Social Security.

Social Security is the federally administered insurance system. Under current federal laws, both employer and employee must pay into the system, and a certain percentage of the employee's salary is paid up to a maximum limit. Social Security is mandatory

for employees and employers. The most noteworthy exceptions are state and

local government employees.

The Social Security Act was passed in 1935. It provides an insurance plan designed to indemnify covered individuals against loss of earnings resulting from various causes. This loss of earnings may result from retirement, unemployment, disability, or the case of dependents, the death of the person supporting them. Social Security does not pay off

except in the case where a loss of income through loss of employment actually

is incurred.

In order to be eligible for old age and survivors insurance

(OASI) as well as disability and unemployment insurance under the Social

Security Act, an individual must have been engaged in employment covered

by the Act. Most employment in private enterprise, most types of self-employment,

active military service after 1956 and employment in certain non-profit

organizations and governmental agencies are subject to coverage under the Act. Railroad workers and United States civil service employees who are

covered by their own systems and some occupational groups, under certain

conditions, are exempted form the Act. The Social Security Program

is supported by means of a tax levied against an employee's earnings which

must be matched buy the employer. Self-employed persons are required to

pay a tax on their earnings at a rate, which is...