"Epicuris and His Life Objective".

Essay by Jennie83University, Bachelor'sA+, October 2003

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Numerous psychologists argue that two sorts of pleasures exist: consummatory, which is a "pleasure derived from satisfaction of desire; satiation" and appetitive which is a "pleasure derived from the pursuit of pleasure; anticipation" It is difficult to live a life without any pleasure and according to Epicureanism, one should pursue pleasures that have high quality, which last the longest, and make this their goal in life. Along with the Epicureans, I believe that it is natural for humans to prioritize their search for the pleasant life, which includes needs that are natural and necessary such as food and shelter as well as natural needs that are not necessary like sexual indulgence. Their philosophy does not comprise of needs that are both unnatural and unnecessary such as wealth and extreme luxury because they believe that by giving in to these kinds of pleasures, failure, illness and disappointment are inevitable in one's life.

Epicurus says "Barley cakes and water provide the highest pleasure when someone in want takes them." However, most people consider caviar and champagne to be essentially more pleasurable than barley cakes and water. If this were the case, then "driving a Ferrari, living in a beautiful mansion on the Bridle Path, and wearing the finest designer clothes (are) intrinsically more pleasurable than driving a rusty '81 Toyota, living in a low rent apartment, and wearing hand-me-down clothes." Alternatively, I believe that there are different variations of pleasure and each and every one of us has different ideas of what pleasure is. Therefore, driving an expensive car, owning a colossal house and wearing the most fashionable clothes may be pleasurable to one, but not another. Moreover, I agree that these examples of pleasure fall into the category of 'unnatural and unnecessary', according to Epicureanism. We do not need...