This is an essay about the achivements of William Gladstone and Benjamin Disraeli.

Essay by nacionalesJunior High, 9th gradeB+, October 2002

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William Gladstone and Benjamin Disraeli

William Gladstone (1809-1898) and Benjamin Disraeli (1804-1881) were two notable

prime ministers that contributed greatly to the politic arena of Great Britain

between 1868 and 1894. Of these two, Queen Victoria's favorite prime minister

was Benjamin Disraeli. The biggest difference between them was that Disraeli led

the Conservative Party and Gladstone led the Liberal Party.

Benjamin Disraeli was born in London. He was Jewish until 1817 when he became

Christian. He wrote several novels before he became prime minister. He set the

foundation of his conservative philosophy through the "London Times", in which

he supported the reforms of helping the middle class. The first time he became

prime minister was in 1868, the same year his government was defeated. He lasted

a couple of months as prime minister. He spent six years opposing William

Gladstone's government. Backed up by Queen Victoria, Disraeli was able to form a

strong government in 1874.

When Disraeli became prime minister for the second time (1874-1880), he passed

legislation and improved housing and working conditions for poor people. His

greatest triumphs were achieved in foreign policy, where he worked to protect

Britain's overseas empire. Under his ministry Britain gained control of the Suez

Canal and Queen Victoria became empress of India, which were two of his greatest


William Gladstone led the Liberal Party and served four times as prime minister

(1868-1874, 1880-1885, 1886, and 1892-1894). He was born in Liverpool and was

son of John Gladstone. Gladstone was raised in an evangelical home which made

religion become a dominant force in his life. He made most of his studies in

Oxford University. In 1839 he married Catherine Glynne, and had eight children

together. Before becoming prime minister he always gave support to the Liberal


When he first...