Everlasting Effects of the Bubonic Plague, describes transmission of disease, effects on population and culture.

Essay by amy34xcHigh School, 12th gradeA, December 2003

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Striking suddenly upon an already weakened society, a deadly and mysterious disease broke out through areas near the Black Sea which is now modern Ukraine. From 1347 through 1351 A.D., a horrendous outbreak of the bubonic plague struck Europe and changed nearly all forms of culture. During 1348 A. D., the Bubonic Plague hit Florence, Italy and ravaged Europe all through Mid 1300's. The Bubonic Plague, which was nicknamed the "Black Death" because of the black swellings called buboes, was spread by small, one-eighth of an inch, parasiting flees who hosted on rats. The early signs of infection were usually associated with flu-like symptoms such as dizziness, fatigue, and staggered walking. In an attempt to kill off the infection, the body tried to pump blood to the infected area which caused large, horrendous welts about the size of a chicken's egg, Buboes appeared on any part of the body where lymph nodes were present, such as the groin, neck, and armpits.

By the fourth day wild anxiety and terror would overtake the suffer-and then a sense of resignation, as the skin blackens and the rictus of death of death settles on the body. (Smithsonian, 70). These deaths had an enormous effect on the way of life in Europe. One may assume that the Bubonic Plague had only disastrous impacts on social, political, and religious affairs. However, from other perspectives, there were some positive outcomes that with tragedies of this massacre.

Isolation was a major effect that the European society endured. "One man shunned another, kinsfolk held aloof, brother was forsaken by brother, oftentimes husband by wife; nay, what is more, and scarcely to be believed, fathers and mothers were found to abandon their own children to fate, untended, unvisited as if they had been strangers. (Boccaccio) This statement shows...