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Chronic and Infectious Diseases � PAGE �1�

Chronic and Infectious Diseases

Health and Physical Education HPE/170

Dr. Eboni Green

June 27, 2010

Chronic and Infectious Diseases

"A chronic illness is an illness that lasts for an extended amount of time, or that last longer than acute illnesses, which are shorter and do not linger. Chronic illnesses can be treated but typically not cured completely. One author states , "The term 'chronic illness' refers to those disease categories for which there is no known 'cure,' to conditions that are ineradicable and usually progressive" (Royer, 1998, p. 1). It is estimated that at least 50 percent of the population suffers from some kind of chronic illness at any given time (Royer, 1998, p. 4). In fact, many health care professionals believe chronic illnesses may be the biggest challenge in health care today (Vickers, 2001, p. 12). Healthy can be described as in good health - the patient does not suffer from any known diseases or illnesses, and they "feel" healthy and fit.


One of the most familiar chronic illnesses is cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular diseases are one of the most deadly chronic illnesses in the United States; this illness claimed the lives of one million lives in 1998. Even though it is one of the most deadly illnesses there has been a fall in the death rate in the last couple of decades. Researchers say this drop in deaths are from better understanding of the disease, earlier detection, better drugs, and improvement in surgical methods. Eating a well balanced, healthy diet, avoid smoking cigarettes and getting some exercise are all critical ways to avoid cardiovascular disease.

Infectious diseases are diseases that are caused by germs, like parasites, viruses, bacteria, or fungi. A person usually "catches" these diseases, thus they are regularly called...