Learning Cognition

Essay by sandraandcjUniversity, Bachelor'sA, July 2010

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Learning and Cognition

Sandra Lattin

University of Phoenix

Learning and Cognition

Many Psychologists throughout the years have held case studies dedicated to cognition and learning. Some theories have been adapted to reflect new scientific data. This paper will attempt to explain what learning is, how learning and behavior affect one another, the different styles associated with learning, and the relationship between learning and cognition. Learning is something that is a continuous process in which there is a wealth of information and knowledge.

While there has not been just one entirely accepted definition of "learning," several individuals have made attempts at making the process as clear as possible. The American Heritage Dictionary, according to Hergenhahn and Olson, (2005) defines learning as follows: "To gain knowledge, comprehension, or mastery through experiences or study." (p.3). While this definition is straight to the point and simple enough, others have felt the need to expand on the ideas of what is involved in this subject of learning.

This is due, in part, to the fact that people have recently accepted the idea that learning involves changes in observable behavior. Kimble gave another definition that describes learning as "A relatively permanent change in behavior potentiality that occurs as a result of reinforced practice." (p.3) Kowalski and Westen give yet another definition in the text, Psychology, (2005) which claims that learning refers to "any enduring change in the way an organism responds based on its experience." (p.157) Behavior is often considered the result of learning because so many definitions conclude that the learning process must be able to be seen in observable behavior.

Humans as a race gather information and classify that data or organize that data as a means to strengthen or shape the mind.