Life Span Development

Essay by psychmajorUniversity, Bachelor'sA+, May 2009

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To this day various psychologists have proposed hundreds of different theories regarding the development humans. These theories are overseen by educational professionals, who incorporate the parts of the theories that they believe in, into ones own personal philosophy. Developmental theories help therapists understand potential outlooks regarding the needs of individuals during the diverse stages of life.

What is life span development? Life span development is the stages of life. Life starts at the time one is conceived to the time they pass away. Throughout life an individual passes through these stages of life. These stages of life are studied by different theorist like Erikson. Erik Erikson was well-known for his own theory of personality development. He anticipated that humans go through psychosocial stages rather than psychosexual stages as Freud projected. Erikson recognized eight stages of psychosocial development that each individual goes through during his or her entire life span. In Erikson's theory, the stages of development process unfold as one goes through life.

Each of these stages has tasks that should be mastered in order to construct toward a satisfying and healthy developed life. Those who do not master the task will have a hard time dealing with crises later on in life. These stages are: infancy, early childhood, middle and late childhood, adolescence, early adulthood, middle adulthood and late adulthood. (Boyd and Bee, 2006)Trust vs. Mistrust (Infancy)This stage is during the first year to 18 months of a life. A child is completely dependent upon others to satisfy his or her needs. If the child gets the satisfaction of the fulfillment and continues to receive the satisfaction on a regular basis, they will develop trust. Mistrust will develop if these needs are not fulfilled on a regular basis. If mistrust were to develop, the child would have trouble...