The Manchurian and the Abyssinian Crisis hurt the League of Nations equally.

Essay by KeirHigh School, 10th gradeA-, March 2005

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I think both the Manchurian Crisis and the Abyssinian Crisis damaged the League equally. They both showed the League's weaknesses and how ineffective it was. Both crises showed that the members of the League were only acting in their own interests and that the members of the League disregarded their own rules.

The situation in Manchuria was similar. Japan, who was also a leading member of the League, lacked natural resources. They became desperate and invaded Manchuria in 1931. The Japanese were anxious to escape from the depression. They kicked out the Chinese and renamed Manchuria- Manchoukou. When the Chinese asked for help, again the League agreed. They sent a group of officials to investigate. It took the League over a year before they decided to act. They ordered Japanese out of Manchuria and Japan responded by leaving the League. Though the League imposed sanctions on Japan, most countries still continued to trade with Japan.

Their fragile economy would collapse without the Japanese. The League failed and Japan continued to occupy Manchuria.

With the Abyssinian Crisis, Italy (one of the main members of the League) disobeyed the rules of the League and invaded Ethiopia because Mussolini wanted to turn the Mediterranean Sea into an Italian lake. The Ethiopian emperor, Haile-Selassie, asked the League for help and the League agreed. They imposed various sanctions on raw materials such as rubber and metal. If the League really wanted to stop Italy, they would have put sanctions on petrol but they didn't. France and Britain also came up with a plan to give Mussolini parts of Ethiopia. Mussolini was not satisfied and invaded. Britain and France, without the acknowledging the other members of the League of Nations, secretly gave Ethiopia to Italy. Mussolini eventually conquered Abyssinia in 1936. While the League...