Essay by van_EcksHigh School, 10th gradeA-, February 2007

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Muckraker, name applied to American Journalist, novelists, and critics who in the first decade of the 20th century, attempted to expose the abuses of business and the corruption in politics. Two of the most famous muckrakers were Ida Tarbell and Upton Sinclair on the 20th century. Michael Moore is also a muckraker who has helped people see the violence and fear that Americans face by producing the movie Bowling for Columbine. But the real question is whether it really made a difference on an American society after watching that movie.

Ida Tarbell, Journalist who was born on November 5, 1857. She was originally from Pennsylvania; she was an editor for the Chautqua Literary and scientific circle, and then decided to go to Paris where she supported herself by writing for American Magazines. In 1894, she published some of her articles as books. She published biographies of Napoleon, Madame Roland and Abraham Lincoln.

She perhaps best known for the two volume work, originally articles for McClure's on John D. Rockefeller and his Oil interests, The History of the Standard Oil Company, published in 1904. This lead to Federal Action and eventually in the breakup of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey under the 1911 Sherman Anti-Trust Act. "The History of Standard Oil Company" would be hailed as a landmark in the history of investigative journalism, as well as the most comprehensive study of the bulling of Rockefeller's oil empire.

American novelist, essayist, playwright, and short story writer, who's works reflect socialistic views. Upton Sinclair was born in Baltimore, Maryland. Books comforted the young Sinclair, who started to write dime novels at the age of 15. He produced ethnic jokes and hack fiction for pulp magazines to finance his studies at New York City College. The Jungle (1906), a...