Muslim Eschatology

Essay by ahmederum May 2007

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Muslim eschatology is based on the Holy Qur’an and the sayings of Prophet Muhammad known as Hadith in religious literature. Muslims believe that there is one God who has created humankind to worship Him. The humans He has created will soon die and await the Day of Judgment together with those who are alive now, in addition to those that will be alive on “that Fateful Day,” according to the Qur’an. The Day of Judgment is 50,000 years long, “according to your reckoning,” says the Qur’an. In the original Arabic reading of the Book, all time is one, which is to say that there is no difference between the present and future in the Arabic language. The future is happening right now. Some people are in heaven, others in hell. According to Muslims, man will be raised back to life after death, and he will be called to settle accounts with Almighty Allah, the Lord of the universe proclaimed by the Qur’an.

He is the God of the Muslims as well as the Christians and Jews, the Lord of Adam or Aadam, Noah or Nuh, Abraham or Ibrahim, Lot or Loot, Moses or Musah, Jesus or Isa, and Muhammad besides all other prophets and ordinary people, as well as all things which obey Him day in day out. Only the names of prophets have changed, and essentially there is one soul: “He created man from a single soul,” says Allah or God in the Holy Qur’an. So, even after our lives in heaven or hell it is possible that everything would turn into nothingness, and only Allah or God will remain. It can be imagined that good people would find eternal bliss at the time. In the Qur’an, Allah says, “Only the Face of the Lord remains.” This sentence could...