Mussolini's rise to power

Essay by rosabluuuHigh School, 11th gradeA-, October 2014

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How far do you agree, that the Bienno Rosso was the most important reason for Mussolini and Fascism's rise to power in Italy, 1919-22?

Sherin Zoubi 12BB

Mussolini and the fascists managed to rise to power and take control of Italy in 1922. Mussolini's rise to power took place mainly due to a combination of conditions that characterized the liberal Italian state, which existed before his take over. The main factors that led to Mussolini's rise to power were the impact of the First World War, the weaknesses of the Risorgimento, the Biennio Rosso , the elite's support for the Fascist Party, and the March on Rome. All of these factors contributed to Mussolini and the fascist's rise to power.

The Biennio Rosso was a vital factor that contributed to Mussolini's rise to power, however the main reason is believed to be the impact of the First World War on Italy, and its already weak liberal system.

The impact of the war had set the bases for political and social unrest that then ended up leading to Mussolini's rise to power.

The First World War had a really strong impact on the Italians and their view on the current liberal state, but most importantly it caused the birth of the fascist movement, and created the conditions which allowed the fascists to gain power.

As the war started in 1914, it created great disunity between the Italians: the nationalists supported and encouraged the involvement of Italy in the war driven by Irredentism (a movement which aimed at the unification of Italian speaking people and territories deemed to be Italian lands). However the socialists were against Italy's involvement in the war. The government then took action and made the secret Treaty of London in April 1915 with Britain and France, and a...