Nationalism In Germany VS. “Culturalism” In Au

Essay by EssaySwap ContributorHigh School, 12th grade February 2008

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Each nationality amongst the empires of Germany and Austria-Hungary was a proud supporter/believer in their nationality. So it is certain they supported their very own culture. However, that is not to say that they were all nationalists. While Germany was composed of mainly Germans who supported their German ethnicity, Austria-Hungary was composed of many different cultures and thus didn’t essentially feel nationalism for their country, but instead felt nationalism for their own culture (and not necessarily every other culture whom they shared their country). Whether it should be called nationalism or perhaps “culturalism” it is clear that it had profound effects on both countries.

        While nationalism in Germany seemed to be progressing towards a more tightly unified country, nationalism (or culturalism) amid the different nationalities in Austria-Hungary appeared to be pushing for independence from each other. The Czechs, Serbs, Poles, Croats, and Romanians who all occupied Austria-Hungary wanted their own country where their nationality could have their own government, rules, etc.

They mainly all wanted independence so they could talk with everyone in their language, instead of having to go through the difficulty of having to translate what someone was saying just to buy a loaf of bread. Also each culture had different beliefs in religion, government, and different traditions; so if they had their own country they would have their own government. Austria-Hungary was officially formed in the Compromise of 1867. Although Austria-Hungary was a “Dualist Monarchy”, someone disregarded one of Austria-Hungary’s most important characteristics: that it was a multi-national state. In 1871 (when the dual monarchy was formed), people were classified by the language they used in everyday discourse, 25% of all citizens were of German, 17% of Hungarian, 13% of Czech, 3% of Slovene, 2% of Italian nationality, and the rest belonged to various other national minorities.