Rosa Parks

Essay by gaara.kisameMiddle School, 6th gradeB+, December 2007

download word file, 2 pages 4.5

Rosa Parks was born Rosa Louise McCauley in Tuskegee, Alabama on February 4,1913. She was an African American seamstress and civil rights activist whom the U.S. congress dubbed the “ Mother of the modern day civil rights movement”.

Parks is Famous for refusal on December 1st,1955 to obey bus driver James Blake’s demand to give up her seat to a white passenger. She wouldn’t give up her seat because she had a long day of work and she was really tired. Her arrest and trial for this act of civil disobedience triggered the Montgomery bus boycott, one of the largest and most successful mass movements against racial segregation in history, and launched by Martin Luther King Jr., one of the organizers of the boycott, to the forefront of the civil rights movement.

Parks led a difficult life growing up, she suffered poor health and chronic tonsillitis. Her parents separated when she was a little girl, she and her mother moved to Pine, Alabama with her grandparents.

She was home schooled by her mother. She also attended the Alabama state teachers College for negroes, but was forced to drop out to care for her ill grandmother and later mother.

Under the Jim Crow laws, blacks and whites were segregated in every aspect of daily life in the south, including public transportation. Bus and train companies did not provide separate vehicles for the different races, but they did enforce seating policies that allocated separate sections for blacks and whites.

In 1932, Rosa married Raymond Parks, a barber from Montgomery. He was a member of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Despite the Jim Crow that made political participation by black people difficult, she succeeded in registering to vote on her third try.

In 1943, Rosa became active...