The Russian Revolution

Essay by tdetchHigh School, 10th gradeA+, December 2008

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Two revolutions, the March Revolution, and the October Revolution, broke out in Russia during 1917 because of the people's lack of faith in their government. The first revolution removed Czar Nicholas II from power and had the Provisional Government take over. After the Provisional Government publicized that Russia would follow through in the war with Germany, the second revolution put the communist Bolshevik party in power lead by Vladimir Lenin.

Czar Nicholas II was removed from power for many reasons. The peasants were not satisfied with their restricted amount of farm land they were given and the lack of food they were producing because of it. Strikes and riots broke out. However, many soldiers refused to suppress the people. His unskilled leadership in the war against Germany and self obtained court life also lead to his overthrow. After the Czar, the Provisional Government came to power under the leadership of Lvov and Kerensky.

The provisional Government was unsuccessful with the "war-weary" people when it came to staying in the war. The Kerensky Offensive was launched against the Austro-Hungarian and German army and failed thus further weakening the people's opinion of the form of government. They did not solve the shortage of food dilemma either. They also could not make crucial decisions for their country because of their belief in provisional (temporary) decisions. Once the Provisional Government was ruled out of power the Bolsheviks took authority.

The Bolsheviks attacked main sources of power in Petrograd including the Winter Palace. The Winter Palace was head of the Provisional Government's headquarters. At this time Kerensky was head of the Provisional Government. As the result of the storming, Kerensky and the government fled. With the communist Bolsheviks in power, Lenin pulled out of the war pleasing much of Russia. Industries were in the hands of the people and the lands of the Orthodox Church were seized. Lenin set the basic foundation for Russian communism and ruled for seven years. After Lenin died, Stalin took over and ruled for thirty years.

The Russian Revolution experimented with many different forms of power. After two disappointing attempts for the people, Lenin took over and proceeded with exactly what the people wanted. During the March Revolution Czar Nicholas II was overthrown and the Provisional Government took the place of the Czar. However, during the October Revolution, the Provisional Government was overthrown by the Bolshevik power. The Bolsheviks established a long term-rule thus ending the Russian revolutions.

"The Russian Revolution." Mixed History Links. 14 Feb. 2005. 16 Oct. 2005 .