The similarties between Nietzsche and Frueds Views on the Unconscious

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There were two great minds in this century. One such mind was that of Sigmund Freud (1856-

1939). In the year 1923 he created a new view of the mind. That view encompassed the idea

we have split personalities and that each one have their own realm, their own tastes, their own

principles upon which they are guided. He called these different personalities the id, ego, and

super ego. Each of them are alive and well inside each of our unconscious minds, separate but

yet inside the mind inhabiting one equal plane. Then there was Nietzsche (1844-1900) who

formulated his own theories about the sub-conscious. His ideas were based on the fact that

inside each and every one of us is a raging battle going on. This battle involves the two most

basic parts of society, the artistic Dionysian and the intelligent Apollonian. Sometimes one being

becomes more dominant than the other or they both share the same plane.

Even though

individually created, these theories could be intertwined, even used together. Thus it is the

object of this paper to prove that the Freudian theory about the unconscious id, and ego are

analogous to the idea on the Apollonian and Dionysian duality's presented by Nietzsche.

'The division of the psychical into what is conscious and what is unconscious is the

fundamental premise of psycho-analysis; and it alone makes it possible for psycho-analysis to

understand the pathological processes in mental life...' (Freud, The Ego and the Id, 3). To say it

another way, psycho-analysis cannot situate the essence of the psychial in consciousness, but is

mandated to comply consciousness as a quality of the pyschial, which may be present (Freud,

The Ego and the ID, 3). '...that what we call our ego behaves essentially passively in life, and

that, as he...