Essay by cwoodman08 October 2014

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Crystal Woodman

Sociology 131 online

Social Research Assignment

Part 1

Experiment: a research method for investigating cause and effect under highly controlled conditions (pg 56 Pearson custom sociology). Like the study by Philip Zimbardo's where he wanted to see if social environment can change human behavior (Zimbardo's 1972). I think the basic idea of this type is to try and see if the cause you believe will have the effect you think it might so you would conduct experiments just like in a science class. With environment and mixing one substance with another substance what might happen.

Participant observation: a research method in which investigators systematically observe people while joining them in their routine activities (pg 56 Pearson custom sociology). This method seems a bit difficult; it can take months to years to complete. You need to play two parts in that you need to "play the participant" and the "play the observer".

The basic ideas involved in this method are that you need to take a step back and look at people from and outside opinion while still participating in their lives. Threw this method you can get a lot more information on what you are researching, because it's more than just asking questions.

Survey: a research method in which subjects respond to a series of statements or questions on a questionnaire or in an interview (pg 56 Pearson custom sociology).

Use of existing sources: a research method in which a researcher uses data already collected by others (pg 56 Pearson custom sociology). The basic idea of this type is, it offers information about people that may not be living today "history". Some researchers use the U.S. Census Bureau also to help conduct recherché.

Part 2

For the Amish and American identity I would use the research method...