Essay by tsssssJunior High, 9th gradeA-, October 2014

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CHAPTER 2 Governance in Singapore

Key Concepts

Governance - The method adopted by a government in managing the country's resources.

Representative democracy - the citizens of a country select the leaders in the govt. through an election.

System of government

Practice representative democracy

Leaders represent people in parliament.

1. Structure of Government

1.1 Legislature

Consist of president and members of parliament

Make the laws of the country.

Provide safe environment for citizens by keeping order.

Government decisions are made according to the laws.

Process of law making:

Bill is proposed → Reasons for bill explained → Bill debated in parliament → Studied by committee → Bill passed by parliament → Viewed by Presidential Council for Minority Rights → Sent to president → Bill becomes law.

1.2 Executive

Consist of President and Cabinet (Ministers)

Execute laws.

Manage policies through ministries and Civil service

Consider feedback from Public.

1.3 Judiciary

Consists of various judges and law courts.

Carries out and uphold law.

Make decisions and judgements.

Ensure laws passed do not breach constitution.

Ensure justice in society.

2. Guiding Principles of Governance

2.1 Leadership is key

"Leaders must do what is right rather than what is popular"

Good leaders required to maintain stability in the government by making right decisions

Potential leaders with good characters are specially selected and groomed.

2.2.0 Anticipate change and stay relevant

Must be open to new ideas and question old assumptions.

2.2.1 Ensuring self-sufficiency in water supply

Water agreements with Malaysia will end in 2011, 2061.

Alternative water supplies producing NEWater and desalinated water.

2.2.2 Integrated Resorts

Improve tourist industry in the face of competitions in countries of Asia

2.2.3 Taking risks

Greater on emphasis on Research & Development

Encouraging creativity

Constant upgrading of skills to remain relevant

2.3 Reward for work and Work...