Study of Anthropology

Essay by LL94588University, Master'sA, March 2005

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Anthropology is the study of humankind, in general, the study of humans everywhere. Past humanities go beyond several generations and the study of anthropology allows us to understand these generations, their complex relationships, and the structures of various cultures for the benefit of understanding humanity.

This study of humankind allows us to study humans in many ways and can be divided into four related fields - the study of physical or biological anthropology, the study of linguistics, the study of archaeology, and the study of cultural or social anthropology.

The study of physical or biological anthropology, includes topics such as nutrition, development, forensics, and primates - topics that reflect on humans. "One could say physical anthropology is closely related to the biological sciences just as cultural anthropology is closely related to the other social sciences and the humanities, however it is the integration of these two approaches that characterizes anthropology" (Haviland 7).

Linguistic anthropology covers language of families and includes population migrations and informs the public of the importance of the culture. For example, a culture's many ways of describing a single word can denote the word's importance to that culture. "Ultimately, language is what allows people to preserve and transmit their culture from generation to generation" (Haviland 13).

The study of archaeology includes the study of artifacts or material remains. For example, the study of stone tools provides information on the people's behavior, how that group of people interacted, and how the people used to eat and socialize. "Since material products and traces of human practices, rather than the practices themselves, are all that survive the past, archaeologists study the tools, pottery, and other enduring features such as hearths and enclosures that remain as the testimony of earlier cultures, some of them as many as 2.5 million years...