Treatments for OCD(obsessive compulsion dissorder).

Essay by mauibaby_001College, UndergraduateA+, October 2003

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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a neurological Anxiety Disorder that is

caused by an imbalance of Serotonin. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter which is a

chemical that acts as a messenger to the brain between the Orbital Cortex (the front of

the brain) and the Basal Ganglia (deeper folds of the brain). When the Serotonin levels

are imbalanced, the messages that are received from one part of the brain to the other

interfere, resulting in repetitive "worrying and anxious thoughts" over and over.

These thoughts are known as obsessions and people who experience them have

compulsions, which they act out on in a variety of symptoms.

Some of the common repetitive symptoms of OCD are cleaning and washing compulsions such as excessive, ritualized hand washing, showering, bathing or brushing one's teeth. The unshakable feeling that household items, such as dishes, are contaminated or cannot be washed enough to be germ free.

An obsessive need for order and to have everything aligned in a certain way or to have appearances be exact. Saving and stashing away useless trash, most people would recognize this behavior and associate with the phrase "pack rat". Repeating routine activities for no logical reason such as repeating questions over and over, rereading or rewriting words, counting objects like windows ceiling tiles and cars. Victims of OCD find themselves asking for reassurance over and over again with feelings of dread if some simple task is not performed or forgotten.

There are two treatment approaches to OCD. The first is the use of Drug therapy. Although, these drugs may get rid of the symptoms of OCD they do not cure the disease. Mainly, SSRI's (Selective Serotonin reuptake inhibitors) and SRI's (Serotonin reuptake inhibitors) are used to increase the levels of Serotonin, which acts as a chemical messenger in...