Essay by PaperNerd ContributorHigh School, 10th grade November 2001

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Turkey is an interesting country. It is located in Asia with one small part in Europe. The capital of Turkey is Ankara, but the the economic center is Istanbul. The capital was transferred from Istanbul to Ankara in 1923. The population of Turkey is about 62,600,000. The area is 779,814 square km. The official language is Turkish, but Kurdish, Arabic, Armenian, and Greek are also spoken due to the many ethnic groups that live within Turkey. Ninety-nine percent of the population is Muslim and one percent is Christian, Jewish, or other religions. Turkey's natural resources are coal, iron, copper, bauxite, and marble. The coastline of Turkey is about 8000km. Its northern border is the Black Sea. The western border is the Aegean Sea and the southern border is the Mediterranean Sea.

@@@@@@The history of Turkey is a long and complicated one. Its borders have been crossed by and ruled by numerous ethnic groups and cultures.

Each conquerer brought with them something new which contributed to the growth of Anatolia (Turkey). It was once part of the Roman Empire. In 330 AD, the Byzantine Empire was founded by Constantine the Great who moved the capital of the Roman Empire to Byzantium and renamed it Constantinople. This was a time of Christian rule in Anatolia. By 1326, the Ottoman Turks began their takeover of many lands and cities. In 1453, they defeated the Byzantine Empire in Constantinople. For about 300 years the Ottoman Turks expanded their empire. The center of their empire was Istanbul, formerly called Constantinople. The city was a natural harbor located on the sea of Marmara. It became a great center for trade, politics, economics, education, and the arts. The culture grew up around the city of Istanbul. Many travellers came there to trade. The empire at...