What were the key features in changes and developments in Britain’s town and cities c1780-1880?

Essay by Janecl October 2014

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What were the key features in changes and developments in Britain's town and cities c1780-1880?

During the period of 1780-1880 British towns and cities went through changes and developments. Some of the changes that occurred with these towns and cities throughout Scotland England and Wales were due to the geographical location that allowed industries to grow which gave these areas a better work force. The railway system in Britain which was the fastest means of transport during 1780-1880 was a big revolution as it meant Britain had a fast and efficient way of commuting and transporting around the country. Britain also experienced urbanisation which led to a major decline in standard of living which was one of the greatest causes of ill health. Ill health and the spread of disease were cause for the changes in discovery and invention in the science of medicine.

One of the major changes and developments in Britain was the exceptional invention in methods of transport.

Railway was one of the greatest developments Britain encountered and the rise of improvement continued throughout decades during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Inventor of the locomotive George Stephen built the first railway in 1825 for steam powered locomotives to carry passengers and freight around the country, it was a short line which ran between Stockton and Darlington�. In 1830 the rail network began to grow and bigger lines were being constructed. During 1830 a line between Manchester and Liverpool had been built and by the end of the 1830s constructions in a number of large railway lines had become complete or were almost complete. Two of the biggest lines were between London and Birmingham and The Great Western Railway to Bristol were well under way and this was a huge asset to British industries and social development�. Although...