The Western European Union

Essay by togolocoHigh School, 12th grade May 2004

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The birth of the Western European Union began some 28 years

ago on May 6th 1955. However, this alliance was formed from the

original Treaty of Dunkirk. The Treaty of Dunkirk was an Anglo-French

alliance which was signed on March 4th 1947, when the two signatories

agreed to give mutual support to each other should the event of

renewed German aggression show it's face again. It was also to agree

on a common action should either signatory be prejudiced by any

failure of Germany to fulfil it's economic obligations which were

enforced upon her by the allies at the end of WWII. The Treaty of

Dunkirk was enhanced within only 12 months with the signing of The

Brussels Treaty. This was a "Treaty of Economic, Social and Cultural

Co-operation and Collective Self Defence" signed on March 17th 1948 by

the countries of Belgium, France, Luxembourg, the Netherlands and the

United Kingdom, and was implemented by the U.K.

Foreign Secretary

Ernest Bevin. This new and enhanced Treaty of Dunkirk was to be given

the name of the Brussels Treaty Organisation (B.T.O.). Among the aims

of the treaty were the "strengthening of economic, social and cultural

ties between the signatories, the co-ordination of efforts to create a

firm basis for European economic recovery, and mutual assistance in

maintaining international peace and security". Of the Brussels treaty

two articles in particular need mentioning. Article 4 of treaty

provided for " mutual assistance in maintaining international peace

and security". While article 7 created a Consultative Council to

discuss matters covered by the treaty.

Over the coming years more talks were held on the formation of

a European Defence Council, however these talks broke down and proved

fruitless. A new set of talks were scheduled in the summer of 1954 to

extend and amend...