Why Did Germany And Her Allies Lose WWI?

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Why did Germany and Her Allies lose World War I? When recalling World War I, many historians believe that Germany became the underdog of the war. How did they come to this conclusion? According to one historian, Fritz Fischer, Germany was responsible for World War I. His theory states that the Mitel Europa is the cause for Germany's loss. Mitel Europa is the objective of Germany in which they were to expand their land from the Ukraine on the West, until France on the East. This idea of Mitel Europa was further demolished in the treaty of Versailles, when Germany lost much of their domination. In the treaty of Versailles, Germany lost to their overseas colonies, their army was restricted to 100,000 men, only 6 battleships allowed in their navy, no U-boats or air force allowed, no General Staff, and Germany and her allies became publicly responsible for the war.

Also, according to the War Guilt Clause (which was article 231 in the Treaty of Versailles) of 1918, Germany and her allies were to pay reparations for the war. Overall, Germany was responsible for the war, and they had more at risk than the other countries that were involved in World War I. Germany lost the Great War due to corruption in nationalism, militarism, and internal problems on the homefront.

In the years 1914 to 1915, German militarism collapsed. By 1914, mobilization proved to be an immense problem for Germany with the failure of the Schlieffen Plan. For example, during the Battles of Morhauge and Frontiers on the Western Front, the Schlieffen Plan failed due to the trepidation of the commander of the German Army, who was Commander Moltke. Next, in May 1915, another crisis occurred, propelling the German loss even further away from a victory.