This work is basically a critical review of Bergen's book: Holy War Inc. but it is also a good source to aid a student in his/her research of US international policies, oil, etc.

Essay by canadianchick1983University, Bachelor'sA, January 2003

download word file, 9 pages 4.6 2 reviews

Downloaded 169 times

In the book Holy War Inc. acclaimed journalist and CNN terrorist analyst Peter L. Bergen's attempts to uncover the events, individual players and political factors that lead Osama Bin Laden to grow to be the mastermind behind the terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11th. Throughout the course of his book, Bergen investigates the crucial proceedings that facilitated the evolution of Osama Bin Laden's Islamic extremism, following him from his beginnings in Afghanistan to his eventual place as the figurehead of a greater world wide Islamic movement. Bergen aims to identify a number of events that he argues are key to understanding the development and purpose of Osama Bin Laden's Jihad. The significance of the Afghan-Soviet conflict is a crucial event that Bergen contends consequentially contributed to the key meetings between Bin Laden and other prominent terrorist leaders. Furthermore, the Afghan victory resulted in a renewed purpose, "leaving them with the confidence that they could defeat a superpower and replacing the notion of Arab nationalism with that of a larger Islamic movement."

Moreover, Bergen renders other events such as the failed US mission 'Project Restore Hope' in Somalia, observing Bin Laden's growing confidence from the event. "He exulted the fact that the United States withdrew it troops from the country, pointing to the withdrawal as an example of the 'weakness, frailty, and cowardice of US troops.'" As well, events such as the 1998 US embassy bombings in Africa and the terrorist strike against the U.S.S Cole in Yemen, Bergen claims were the first initial attacks on the United States' military and economic might; an obvious foreshadowing of September 11th:

"The dual attacks in New York and Washington were the deadliest salvo in Osama Bin Laden's holy war against the United States---a war that had begun a decade...