Human Resource Management focuses on securing, maintaining, and utilizing an effective work force, without which organizations cannot survive. Human Resource Management involves a variety of activities, which include recruitment, and screening of prospective employees, the study of training needs, preparing human resource forecasts, the development of compensation systems, and an understanding of the laws that effect the performance of these activities. The Human Resource Management function has evolved significantly since the early 1900. The need to deal with labor unions and the human relations movement has increased the need for competent human resource professionals (Dessler 2).
Planning organizational human resource needs is a key task for human resource managers. Key strategies for effective human resource management planning are:
*align human resource management strategy with business strategy
*gaining line management support (Dessler 2)
The Organizational mission generates the organizations Plan, which in turn generates the human resource management plan.
The external environment and the internal environment of the organization influence the human resource management plan. Human resource managers must align the operational needs of managers with the mission and organizational goals of the business. Human resource managers must communicate effectively with operational level managers to influence, analyze and supply expected staff needs. Additionally, Human Resource Managers must consider the expected future environment and internal and external factors affecting human resource needs when planning future personnel requirements. Human resource managers must establish priorities for staffing needs. Human resource managers must balance the requirements of line managers against the organizational goals to ensure staffing growth is consistent with the overall organizational objectives. Further, resource managers must gaining line management support for its programs (Dessler 4). Resource managers must develop a good working relationship with line managers. Line managers must understand the human resource managers' strategy and the value human...