Appreciation of Music Notes (Test 2)

Essay by claggetttUniversity, Bachelor's August 2004

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Appreciation of Music Notes: Test 2

Kyrie from "Pange Lingua Mass" By: Duprez

Composer: Josquin (1510) Sacred music

Through Composed (music keeps changing)

Uses imitation; Choir only, genre: Kyrie

Form: 1 Kyrie Eleison (Lord have Mercy)

2 Christe Eleison (Christ have Mercy)

3 Kyrie Eleison (Lord have Mercy)

Kemps Jig; Genre: Jig

Composer: Anonymous around 1600 (end or Renaissance)

Instramentation: Recorder (early wind instrament),

viol (early string instrament), lute (early guitar)

Form: Binary (2 parts, A and B section) Repeat 5 times

Dance music usually homophonic

1st and 2nd Part: Recorder (Lute in background)

3rd Part: Viol (Lute in background)

4th and 5th Part: Duet between Recorder and Viol

Kemp was a Shakespearean actor who

sang and danced at intermission

Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, 1st Movement

Composer: Johanne Sabastian Bach (1685-1750)

Composed: 1721IMPORTANT: german composer

who got famous after death. Didn't invent new genre,

baroque ended with his death. Instramentation:

orchestra with concertino and ripieno

(Flute, Violin, harpsicord, standard orchestra)

Form: Ritornello (melody usually homophonic,

solo is polyphonic)Genre: Concerto Grosso

Dido's Lament from Dido and Aeneas

Composer: Henry Purcell (1689)

Binary form: II: A :II B I (sings remember me)

Genre: Opera (Aria and Recititive)

Soprano Voice, string instraments, group of 3 beats

Ostinato: repeating base line

Renaissance Period (1425-1600)

Means Rebirth.

Shift from sacred to secular

Age to discover. Sacred music had more freedom now

More polyphony, musical beauty now a concern

beyond just worship. Josquin Deprez and Giovanni Palestrina

most important sacred Renaissance composers.

Secular music: pop songs called Madrigals, more

Complicated Than troubadour songs, includes dance

with specific rhythem. Instramental Music begins to appear.

Word/Tone Painting: musically describing text

The Baroque Period (1600-1750)

(1 of the 3 important style periods)

Rise in secular music, now just as important

as sacred (rise in instramental) Rise of opera

(advanced secular vocal music) A muscial play/drama

where dialog Is sung, includes instrament.

Began 1600s during play's intermission, grew into separate

Work. Usually begins with an overture and alternates

between recitatives and arias. 7 note major/minor scales

:same as we use today. Functional harmony established:

building different chords on each note of scale,Chords built

in thirds, chord-tones v. non-chord tones, 1, 4, 5 chords are most important.

Key: all melodies and harmonies must come out of the same scale.

Terraced Dynamics: changing volume levels by adding

or subtracting players (Genre:Concerto Grosso)

Basso continuo: continuous bass, part played by combo

of low-pitched instrament (cello/bassoon)

And a chordial instrament (harpsicord/lute)

Ostinato: repetitive base line (also called a basso ostinato or

ground bass) pop music= riff Arcangelo corelli:

wrote some of first important pieces

Sonata: name for specific type of of instamentation music (never vocal)

Chamber music (rock band) v. orchestral music

Conductors introduced Baroque orchestra: mostly a large string

section with few winds, brss and percussion

Concerto: most important instramental genre of Baroque period. Two types

1: Solo concerto: soloist v. tutti (orcestra)

2: Concerto Grosso: concertino (small group of soloists) vs. Rest of orchestra.

Ritornello Form: most popular form used in convertos,

continuous alteration between Ritornello (main theme played by orchestra)

and new music by soloists. R1-S1-R2-S2-R3-S3

Fugue: genre using highest form of imitiative polyphony,

main theme called the subject, all instraments Play the subject during

the exposition, then alternations between episodes and re entries.

Dance Suite: collection of dance pieces, eventually not mean for dancing,

just listening. Could Be composed for orchestra.

Movement: large section of music, usually seperated by silence.

Usually 3 in concerto. 1- fast, 2- slower 3- fast