Canada's Endangered Species

Essay by babygirl2929College, UndergraduateA+, March 2002

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Grassland National Park, in Canada, is located just north of Montana. A vast, grassy flatland that, because it is treeless, the sky seems to meet the land in all directions. There is no protection from the elements because of the nature of theland. Despite the extreme weather, Grassland harbors many endangered species.

One of these species is the swift fox. Trying to save the fox has been the focus of a major recovery effort for twenty years.

In 1938 around Manyberries, Alberta was the last time a swift fox was seen in Canada. Then in 1983 an attempt for their return was made. Because of modern development and population, including pesticides, the success of the program is questionable. There are many problems to overcome if the swift fox is to survive. Habitat loss, drought and predators are the nature's contribution to the endangerment of the fox. Apparently however, the Canadian government is the major problem.

"We are in this mess because Canada doesn't have strong endangered species laws," says Clio Smeeton, president of Cochrane Ecological Institute, the

primary organization in Canada breeding swift foxes in captivity. Neither the federal nor the provincial governments have taken a lead in solving endangered

species problems. The swift fox recovery plan reflects their lack of responsibility. There has been a lack of funding from the federal government and the provinces.

There is no clear jurisdiction over who is responsible. According to Smeeton,"Without endangered species laws, the federal government has had to fight with the

provincial governments of Alberta and Saskatchewan over who had the authority to make decisions, and who should pay for swift fox recovery".

Since 1993, Canada has attempted to pass several laws. They have failed to come up with any of real consequence. No one seems to be able to decide...