Clinical Psychology

Essay by angeelaaxoHigh School, 12th gradeA, October 2014

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Clinical Psychology

Have you ever wondered why people do the things they do or feel the way they feel? Sometimes when you see people you may not understand they are doing what they do or why they say the things they say. Psychologists are the people who figure out why people do what they do. They have many different treatment approaches and work with all different types of people. Becoming any type of psychologist may take a long time, but in the end when you know you are helping people get through their daily lives you know it's worth it.

Psychology first appeared in the 1870s. Psychology is the science concerned with behavior, in both human and nonhuman animals. They study the intersection of two critical relationships: one between brain function and behavior, and another between the environment and behavior. Psychologists use scientific methods and use careful observation and experimentation and analysis.

Psychologists diagnose and treat people, serve as consultants to communities and organizations, conduct both basic and applied research and teach future psychologists and those who will pursue other disciplines. They test intelligence and personality. Psychologists contribute to every area of society. We see them in schools and universities, courtrooms, prisions, laboratories, health centers, hospitals and many more places. Psychology is a very varied field, with one of the most popular fields being clinical psychology.

American psychologist Lightner Witmer founded the first journal of the new field of psychology. He opened The Psychological Clinic, and coined the term clinical psychology in 1807. It became defined as "the study of individuals, by observation or experimentation, with the intention of promoting change". During World War I, psychologists became strong assessment specialists because of the development of the two intelligence tests, Army Alpha and Army Beta. These tests tested verbal and nonverbal...