Different use of poetic device to achieve one goal in "The rape of the lock"-Alexander Pope, "A Modest Proposal"-Jonathan Swift, "Candide"-Voltaire

Essay by sanaa622A-, July 2007

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The eighteenth century was mostly known as the Enlightenment and the Age of reason as they stopped believing in superstitious things and became more practical and people stopped asking "Why did this happen" and started to ask "How did this happen? But sometimes, people were not practical, or philosophers were not reasonable, or the whole government was irrational. To ridicule what they think is unfair and ridiculous; Alexander Pope, Jonathan Swift and Voltaire used different styles to send the message to their readers.

In "The rape of the lock" Alexander Pope uses mock epic to show human vanity and how sometimes people should be able to laugh at things instead of making it into a big deal. Every epic has a god and goddesses to interfere in human matters, in this one Pope introduces "sylphs" to protect Belinda's curl. When the guys are playing cards, pope showed and described it in a mock heroic term as battle, the way they were talking and enjoying the tense game.

Pope had done this probably to show that before energy was used on more useful and serious matters and now it's being applied on silly things like card games. Baron has decided to snip one of Belinda's curls and when this happens, stupidity occurs. Belinda starts a scuffle between the ladies and the gents to try to recover her curl, Pope shows this as a mock battle as Belinda throws snuff at the Baron to make him sneeze and draws a hairpin like she is drawing a sword at battleIn "A Modest Proposal" Swift uses verbal irony to address the problem about how English landlords are exploiting Irish harvests and how a lot of children grow up to be thieves or emigrants. Irish farming families were living on starvation as they had...