Essay by PaperNerd ContributorCollege, Undergraduate September 2001

download word file, 2 pages 0.0

Ecstasy Scott Rhyne Methylenedioxymethamphetamine or MDMA, known as ecstasy, is a Schedule one illegal drug widely used among Americas youth. A known party drug ecstasy, is commonly used at all night dance parties called raves. The average pill is sold for 20-25 dollars, and contains 75-100 mg of MDMA. MDMA is not an upper, a downer, or a phsycadelic. After the synthesis of MDMA, a new category of drug was introduced, these drugs were called "entactogens". An entactogen is a drug that produces a euphoric feeling, that is unlike that of most other types of drugs.

The actual affect that the chemical MDMA has on the brain is a mass release of seratonin. Seratonin is a chemical in the brain that helps in the transfer of memory and mood messages in the brain. First the chemical enters the brain this causes a mass release of seritonin in to the brain, after the seritonin has been depleted, dopamine (an MAO) begins to enter the brain.

While dopamine is cycled through the brain some of its molecules are converted to hydrogen peroxide, this is what causes the nerve damage relating to ecstasy. The nerve endings are chemically burnt due to the contact with the peroxide. However these test result were not fond through human research.

These result were found through testing on lab rats. The test were performed by giving 5 mg of MDMA per 1 kg the rats weighed. Compared the rats mass to that of a human and you will see that the rats got a very large amount of the chemical. That is like a person receiving around 500 mg of the chemical, MDMA. The chemical in such a large amount is going to cause a negative affect. Considering this the average street dose is around 100mg. The rat received 5 times the normal dosage compared to its weight.

Ecstasy is not a perfect drug as it is thought to be by the majority of its users. However it is much safer than the majority of other street drugs, when used moderately and correctly. Some one who abuses the drug will use it two to three times a month, sometimes more. When used this often, an immunity is produced. This means that the user will need more of the drug to produce the desired affects. This frequent use and high dosage increases the negative affects. The average user will use the drug around once a month, in a small dose. Using the drug this infrequently, the negative affects of the drug are greatly reduced, however they are still there.