The election of 1800

Essay by simpatqga_High School, 11th gradeA, March 2007

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The elections in 1800 contributed to a change in the American government known as The Revolution of 1800. The Federalists were replaced by the Democratic-Republicans in both branches-the executive and legislative. This event was accomplished peacefully, without violence.

In the Washington’s Farewell Address, George Washington advised the American people to stay away of the formation of political parties. He was concerned that they will divide the nation and will be a reason for many political debates and intrigues. Despite his warning, it was impossible for the Americans to stay united. Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson were members of the Washington’s cabinet. They both had very different views of the Constitution and the organization of the government. Their debates contributed to the formation of two political parties in the 1790’s. The Federalists whose leaders were Alexander Hamilton and John Adams believed in the strong central government. They were using the Elastic Clause in order to support their conviction that the Constitution should be interpreted loosely.

In contrast, the Democratic-Republicans, whose leaders were Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, thought that a central government will restrict the rights of the states and therefore they wanted a central government that is not so strong and they believed that in order of the country to be democratic the leaders should follow the Constitution strictly. The parties disagreed also about the taxes and tariffs that the government should set. They also had different statements about the side that U.S. should take into the European conflicts. When Hamilton proposed his Financial Plan, Jefferson and his follower announced their disagreement. They were against the creation of a national bank, because they supported the agriculture and believed that this bank will benefit only the industry and the wealthy people. They were also against the tariffs and the...