English vs. Spanish Colonization

Essay by baileykargoHigh School, 11th gradeA, November 2014

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Bailey Kargo! IB HOTA 3rd period

English vs. Spanish Colonization

From 1500 to 1700, the English colonization of the Chesapeake region and the Spanish

colonization of the Central/South American region varied greatly in their primary motivations for

settlement and the lasting effects imprinted into both societies. The English motives in settling

the Chesapeake region were more economically-based, seeking greater economic opportunity

and employment, while the Spanish effort took on a more religious approach that ended up

having long-term effects on the way their culture and society developed. The effects both

colonies felt differed in many ways, primarily due to the varying motivational influences felt by

the English and the Spanish. However, similarities in colonial motivations and cultural impacts

were present between both societies.

English colonization of the Chesapeake region revolved around economic gain and

opportunity that colonizers believed could be found in the New World. Overcrowding in England

led to a desire for expansion and better employment options for English settlers. Rumors of gold

discovery in the New World also spurred an intense frenzy that English colonizers sought to

pursue, resulting in the development of societies poorly suited for colonial life when gold was

never found. On the other hand, Spanish colonization of Central and South America began with

the Spanish conquistadors, who used the saying "God, Gold, and Glory" to describe their

motivations for colonization. The dominant motivational force for the Spanish was the religious

aspect, where conquistadors sought to spread Christianity throughout Central and South

America. The "Glory" prospect was heightened by the yearning for Spain's dominance over the

Western Hemisphere, which was thought to be obtained through unifying native peoples through

Bailey Kargo! IB HOTA 3rd period the Christian religion. Similar to one aspect of English motivations, the Spanish also sought to

find gold and riches that...