External Effects on Workplace Health and Safety

Essay by jn761978College, UndergraduateA+, November 2008

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Stress in the workplace, it happens to everyone. Whether you are a CEO running a major corporation, a stay-at-home mom tending to the house and the children or a student coping with classes and homework, stress-a silent monster-is bound to creep into your life at some point. The key is to figure out how to deal with the pressure so that it doesn't become a danger to your health. What is stress? The online dictionary defines it as being a mentally or emotionally disruptive or upsetting condition occurring in response to adverse external influences and capable of affecting physical health. (http://dictionary.reference.com/search?q=stress)There are two major types of stress: acute stress and chronic stress. Acute stress is the most common form and demands and pressures of the recent past or what might be anticipated in the near future typically cause it. It is considered to be short term and disappears once the stressor is over.

Chronic stress however can have its effect over a longer period of time, taking its toll on the mind and body. Stress can become dangerous over time if not treated properly. A major source of stress comes from feeling helpless, hopeless and out of control. Such factors as unemployment, limited income, living with or among continuous violence and existing in a dissatisfying relationship as major stress if not dealt with in some manner could lead to the deterioration of your well being. Additional stress in the workplace can cause physical ailment and other health issues. Job related stress can be visualized as imbalance between employee work and work environment.

Stress arises in incongruence between work and its environment. Job stress is an individual's reactions to work environment components that appear threatening to the individual. It is a poor fit between the individual's abilities and the work environment,