Islam VS Catholism

Essay by AEKCollege, UndergraduateA+, February 2004

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On the surface, Catholicism and Islam appear to have very little in common, but as you delve deeper into areas such as rituals, beliefs, ethics, founders, governing concepts and sacred objects, the two show strong mutual similarities, particularly in the fundamental areas, while being totally different. In this essay I will compare and contrast many of the facets that make up the worlds largest and most recognized religions, Catholicism and Islam.

Both Muslims and Catholics are monotheists, believing in the same god, referred to as "Allah" by the Muslims and "Yahweh" or simply "God" by Catholics. In this sense Islam and Catholicism are considerably intertwined, appearing to come from the same beginning. Both Islam and Catholicism are based primarily on the lives and teachings of men sent by God. In Catholicism, Jesus was the son of God, sent down to earth to spread the word of the Lord to the people, and ultimately die a brutal death so that this people may reach eternal peace in heaven.

Catholics praise Jesus' suffering for them as well as for his teachings and for the miracles he performed to assist the needy. Despite Islam and Catholicism having a sharing a mutual God, Muslims do not believe that Jesus was his son, instead they identify Jesus as a prophet. This greatly distinguishes the two religions as Jesus' relation to God is one of the fundamental beliefs in Catholicism. The Islamic religion is almost based solely on the teachings of the prophet Muhammad, who like Jesus, was a shepherd boy. Muhammad spent much of his adult life meditating as he was upset by the way that people lived. Each year, during the holy month of Ramadan, Muhammad would go alone to a cave on Mount Hira. At the age of forty, after visiting the present...