Madness in Yellow Wallpaper

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Sliding Towards Madness in Gilman?s The Yellow Wallpaper Charlotte Perkins Gilman?s ?The Yellow Wallpaper,? relays to the reader something more than a simple story of a woman at the mercy of the limited medical knowledge in the late 1800?s. Gilman creates a character that expresses real emotions and a psyche that can be examined in the context of modern understanding. ?The Yellow Wallpaper,? written in first person and first published in 1892 in the January edition of the New England Magazine, depicts the downward spiral of depression, loss of control and competence, and feelings of worthlessness which lead to greater depression and the possibility of schizophrenia. This paper will explore two possible causes of the main character?s madness. These causes are the subjugating treatment inflicted upon her by her husband, and the idea that the main character has clinical schizophrenia. Additionally, this paper will examine the parallels of Gilman?s true-life experiences as compared to those of the main character.

The beginning emphasis will be on the interaction and roles of the husband and wife in ?The Yellow Wallpaper?, which are based on the male dominated times of the late 1800?s. The main character, a woman whose name is never revealed, tells us of the mental state of mind she is under and how her husband and his brother, both physicians, dismiss it. "You see, he does not believe I am sick! And what can one do? If a physician of high standing, and one's own husband, assures friends and relatives that there is really nothing the matter with one but temporary nervous depression -- a slight hysterical tendency -- what is one to do?" (671). The doctors seem completely unable to admit that there might be more to her condition than just stress...