Mahatma Gandhi

Essay by toumancatJunior High, 8th gradeA, March 2004

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Mahatma Gandhi was considered the father of India. His name means "Great Soul." Mahatma Gandhi was a peaceful man. The people of India loved and respected him.

Mahatme Gandhi a was very religious and political man. Gandhi was born in 1869 to Hindu parents in the state of Guharat in western India. He entered an arranged marriage with Kasturbai Makanji when they were thirteen years old. His family later sent him to London to study law, and in 1891 he was admitted to the Inner Temple and called to the bar. In Southern Africa he worked continuously to improve the rights of the immigrant Indians. It was there that he developed his creed of passive resistance against injustice. Before he returned to India with his wife and children, in 1915, he had radically changed the lives of Indians living in Southern Africa.

Back in India, it was not long before he was taking the lead in the long struggle for independence from Britain.

He never wavered in his unshakable belief in nonviolent protest and religious tolerance. When Muslim and Hindu compatriots committed acts of violence, whether against the British, who ruled India, or against each other, he fasted until the fighting ceased.

Independence, when it came in 1947, was not a military victory, but a triumph of human will. To Gandhi's despair, however, the country was pertitioned into Hindu India and Muslim Pakistan. The last two months of his life were spent trying to end violence which ensued, leading him to fast to the brink of death. In January 1948, at the age of 79, he was killed by an assissin as he walked through a crowed garden in New Delhi to take evening prayers.

Mahatma Gandhi became famous over his years. He...