Marshall Plan

Essay by EssaySwap ContributorHigh School, 11th grade February 2008

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A) The 33rd president of the United States of American created the Truman Doctrine. The Truman Doctrine's policy was first put into action in 1947; their objective was to send U.S. aid to anti-Communist forces in Greece and Turkey. However, this policy expanded and the United States applied this policy to any countries that were threatened by Communism. Truman also developed the Marshall plan, it was plan to recover and stabilize Western Europe after the effect of World War II. The spread of Communist by the Soviet regime throughout Europe and Asia brought conflict between the USSR and the United States and this push the USSR and the Eastern European satellite states into the Cold War.

During the Second World War, the United States and USSR were allied against Germany. However, because of political different and distrust between these countries, the cooperation to keep peace began to fall after the war.

As well, wartime agreements were broken when the promises of both the USSR and the United States. The USSR promised that after the war their government would hold free election in Eastern Europe. The United States promised that they would supply the USSR with aid to help rebuild their destructed Cities. Stalin also took action in for Soviet security and wanted to create a buffer zone between Eastern Europe and the USSR. The Soviet Army began to invade and gain control of many areas of Eastern Europe. (Poland, Hungary, Yugoslavia, and Czechoslovakia) The United States did not approval of Stalin movement into Eastern Europe. In 1947 the United Kingdom were having financial crisis and therefore had to end their aid toward Greece. At the same time, the USSR was demanding naval station for Turkey, Bosporus and Greece was fighting against the Communist rebels in a civil war. The USSR...