Mobile Handset Industry in India.

Essay by kjaggu October 2004

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Communication has come a long way from the sign language used by prehistoric man to the modern ways like e-mail, cellular phones, etc. This evolution, which was not an overnight process, saw the development of languages, written script, development of postal services, invention of telephones and internet, etc. Invention of the telephone in 1876 by Graham Bell changed the way man communicated to long distances. Instead of the snail mails, man began using telephones which transmitted the messages instantaneously and also to the correct person as well as get a reply at the same instant. With its growth in popularity, many new innovations were added to the basic telephone, one of which is the cell phone, which has become a near necessity for all those on the move. Due to its simplicity and convenience it has became an instant hit.

Cellular Phones represent the best of modern wireless technology and are one of the best popular tools of the early twenty first century facilitating business, recreation and vital emergency communication.

It has ceased to be a luxury as more people are realizing its advantages. Hence, it will not be surprising when in the near future the number of landline telephone owners is less than the number of cell phone users.

Due to the ever growing demand for cell phones in India, mobile handset industry has broken all records and achieved a growth of 568% in value terms. This unprecedented growth has been due to a variety of reasons like opening up of markets for foreign companies, providing operating licenses to numerous service providers, etc. As a result of which, the Indian mobile handset industry has recorded a turnover of Rs 8,344 crore from a measly Rs 1,250 crore in the FY (Financial Year) 2002-03. While comparing the GSM and CDMA...