Roles and responsibilities of public services

Essay by uzzi04 April 2006

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The two public services which I have chosen to write about in my task 1 of the assignment are:

* Police

* Fire service


Police is a government organisation, which have a very important duty of maintaining law and order in the community. The work police come from the French, which refer to government or administration; the word police was coined in France in the 18th century. The police may also be known as a constabulary, after constables, who were an early manifestation of police officers. (


Home office

Police authority chief constable

Home office is the government department and it has a full control on police, whereas home secretary, who works under prime minister and he/she is there to ensure that all the government polices carry out properly.

Police authority is made up of local councillors (two third) and magistrates (one third), this is to make sure that the local public has an opinion about how the police force run in their region.

Chief constable is the highest rank in the force, and he has an overall authority of maintaining and running the whole police departments.


The purposes of the police service within a community are stated below:

- To prevent crime.

- To uphold law fairly and smoothly.

- To protect the community.

- To help crime victims.

- To pursue offenders and bring them to justice.


Prevention of crime means to stop a crime before it happens. Police force prevent crime by visiting homes and businesses to offer them security devices and providing them information on how to perform security checks and about new security issues which mainly stop 80% of the crimes. Police also prevent crime by patrolling street and road on a...