Should surrogate motherhood be permitted?

Essay by meghan bradleyCollege, UndergraduateA-, March 1997

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Surrogate Motherhood is when one women carries to term

the fertilized egg of another woman. This procedure is chosen

by married couples who can not conceive a child in the "natural

way". In some occasions the mother may be able to produce an

egg, but has no womb or some other physical problem which

prevents her from carrying a child. Whether or not the husband

can produce a large amount of sperm is not a problem. Once the

egg and sperm are combined in a petri dish fertilization is very

likely to occur. The couple will then choose a surrogate

mother and make an agreement in which she will carry the baby

and release it to the genetic parents after the birth. There are

four different kinds of surrogacy arrangements. Total

Surrogacy is when the woman bears a child that has been formed

from the gametes of another woman and man and implanted in her

body. Partial Surrogacy occurs when the birth mother

contributes the ovum and the sperm is introduced by artificial

insemination. She is a biological parent of the child. Commercial

Surrogacy means a business-like transaction where a fee is

charged for the incubation period. Lastly, there is a

Non-Commercial Surrogacy in which there is no formal contract

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or any payment to the birth mother. It is usually an arrangement

between close friends or family members.(1-10)

There is no federal policy on the issue of surrogacy, all

fifty states have been left to decide theses issues themselves

and create their own policies. The majority of the states have

not yet legislated on this subject. Those states that have taken

positions differ greatly from one another, such as California

and Virginia, who have taken opposing viewpoints California is

the state that is the most sympathetic to the...